As a witness in a criminal case, you may be summoned in cases where the competent authorities (the prosecution and the court) consider that you have knowledge and that you are likely to be able to report on the crime and the perpetrator, as well as other important circumstances. For example, if you have seen the crime when it happened, if you have heard something about it and so on. Hire a criminal law firm brampton to help you with this matter.
You will be summoned with a written invitation stating your name and surname, time and place when and where you should come, the criminal case in connection with which you are being summoned, as well as a warning about the consequences in case you do not call the invitation. The invitation will indicate that they are calling you as a witness.
Do you have an obligation to help?
Yes, whenever you receive such an invitation, you are required to contact the body that is calling you, at the time and place indicated in the invitation. But in some circumstances, such as, for example, due to old age, illness or severe physical defects that disable your movement, you can be examined in your home or elsewhere.
If you are duly summoned, and you do not call the summons, without justifying your absence, you may be forcedly brought in by a court order, and the court may punish you with a fine. If you are prevented from coming, you should promptly inform the body that called you. The reasons justifying the absence may be different, but their justification is, of course, assessed by the body conducting the procedure.
Do you need to answer all the questions
Yes, you are obliged to answer the questions asked. If you refuse to answer the questions, you can be fined twice, and if you refuse to testify after the second fine, the court can impose a prison sentence of up to 30 days. Sometimes, if asked by you, giving a statement implies an obligation to recognize the objects and persons who are showing you.
Do you need to reveal the truth
Yes, you are obliged to speak the truth on the questions asked, without silencing anything from what you know about the crime and the offender. When you did not say everything that you know, that is when your statement does not give full a picture of the facts that you have noticed and remembered, then you will be considered to be silent. The testimony is false when it is not in accordance with your knowledge of the event and in general the facts that are the subject of proof. Giving a false statement is also considered if you give a statement that you do not know anything about what is being said, for example, that you have not seen anything, you have not heard anything, and you have actually seen and heard it.
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The statement that the so-called. “Surrogate – Motherhood” is as old as the Bible is not far from the truth. Namely, there can be found explicit examples of what we call traditional surrogacy today. There is a multitude of sources, historical documents, religious and other books, traditions, etc. where we will face the fact that this is not a new phenomenon. Find out more about us on criminal law firm brampton.
From a modern perspective, surrogate – motherhood is one of the reproductive options that is an alternative to in vitro fertilization, when this will prove unsuccessful in a specific case. Surrogacy provokes serious debates, especially for cases of international surrogacy, different regulation, non-recognition of the parentage of those couples who have come to this post through the method, etc., This is especially true when it comes to children’s rights.
But what does surrogacy actually mean? Surrogacy or surrogate – motherhood in general is a child’s birth for another. Surrogate – the mother actually carries and gives birth to the child, and then gives it to other people (usually a married couple who cannot have children for medical reasons) to grow and be his parents.
There are various criteria according to which surrogacy can occur in different types: altruistic or commercial, traditional or gestational, etc. The second division is, in fact, the basic and thus the traditional surrogacy, the surrogate – the mother is actually a biological (and genetic) mother of the child, while in the gestational, the child has no genetic connection with it, that is, it is only a gestational carrier. In fact, precisely because of this in modern legislation that regulates this issue, the term gestational carrier is used, and not a surrogate – mother. But the diversity in comparative law, as well as dilemmas and arguments pro et contra, necessarily opened the issue of human rights in this sphere.
This issue is multidimensional. First, there has always been a history of dilemmas about how a surrogate – mother after birth and handing over the child to other people (his future parents) will feel. Does she not enjoy parental right with the very fact of birth, especially starting from the classical maxim that “the mother is always the woman who gave birth to the child”? It seems that in modern legislation and modern practice this issue is largely a historically overcome problem. Namely, at a time when the traditional surrogate – motherhood was practiced, such questions about her rights were completely justified, because she is the mother who gave birth and whose genetic material is carried by the child.
Today, in countries where it is regulated and / or practiced surrogate – motherhood, only the gestational surrogate – motherhood is dominated and only legally permitted. It is considered that in the absence of any genetic link with the child, the gestation carrier will not have a parental emotional connection with it, especially as it passes through the whole process most often through a series of psychological and legal counseling.
Some individuals stay in a miserable marriage until the resentment builds, and they believe they must choose the option to separate. They don’t voice their unhappiness; they accept the way things are moving something will change, and the problems will be instantly solved. At that point, there are those who attempt with all that they need to make the marriage work before they leave. These individuals are issue solvers who feel they owe it to the marriage to endeavor to achieve some resolution before they quit. Visiting marriage counselling in Toronto can get in with licensed therapists to help with your situation.
The one thing both share practically speaking is that they once in a while go to marriage counseling. Not many individuals exploit marriage counselling in Toronto before choosing to separate; this is likely because of societal preconceptions about who needs therapy and what it might lead others to think. At the point when your relationship is hanging in the balance, however, nobody’s supposition matters more than that of you and your accomplice. Furthermore, by working with a professional, you may really find that your voice is strong and worth listening to.
Keeping up a marriage and solving problems inside the marriage takes skills. Relationship skills that few of us are normally outfitted with. We may think we are doing everything we can to solve the problems in marriage in any case; a marriage counselor can be of extraordinary advantage in showing us new ways of solving problems and getting our needs met.
You will figure out how to resolve strife in a sound way. In marriage counseling, you will learn relational abilities that will help you listen to your spouse as well as, also to process what your spouse is saying.
You will figure out how to convey all the more successfully. When you voice your needs plainly and transparently without resentment or outrage, your marriage will prosper.
You will figure out how to be assertive without being offensive. The two spouses should almost certainly talk about their issues without dread of harming the other spouse. In marriage counseling, you will discover that you can get what you need without making demands and participate in the struggle.
You will figure out how to process and function through unresolved issues. Marriage counseling offers a safe situation for expressing any unhappiness you feel. Getting your feelings out away from any confining influence with the assistance of a prepared professional might be all you need. You may also find that your spouse is more than willing to cooperate to solve the predicaments in the marriage. You may also find that your spouse is reluctant to take every necessary step. Assuming this is the case, you are sans then to leave the marriage with no blame because you have done as well as can be expected.
You will build up a more profound understanding of who your spouse is and what his/her needs are. Even better, you will adopt all the more profoundly your identity and what your needs are. You may finish up finding that those needs can be met inside the marriage. You may not.
Relationship skills expected to keep up a satisfying marriage could be educated. A marriage counselor can show you those skills while checking your progress, intervening fights, and giving target input. If you hold up too long to even consider seeking marriage counselling in Toronto, the odds are against you. Regardless of whether you feel it is past the point of no return, and no measure of counseling will assist the main path with knowing without a doubt is to seek professional assistance. Doing as such will shield you from committing an error, you will later lament.
On the off chance that you are pondering separation, protect yourself from future lament by working with a marriage counselor. They can help you come to terms with whether or not to divorce and also can teach you the skills needed in any future relationships should you choose to leave the marriage. Finding a licensed therapist in Toronto is no more a hassle as you as find one with the assistance of Google Maps, Yelp or About.me.
Have you successfully found a quality lawyer? Are you not sure how to go about finding one? Read on to find out how you can locate the lawyer you need to handle your legal matters.
Make sure to find out who all will be involved with helping to work on your case. What sort of experience do they have? Some may have years of experience, whereas others may be fresh out of law school. How much time is your lawyer anticipating on devoting to your case?
Make it clear up front that you would like your legal fee agreement in writing from your lawyer. This will help you avoid the surprise of an unexpectedly high bill. Make sure that all expenses and fees are itemized, so that you’ll have a clear understanding of what exactly you are paying for.
Try to educate yourself on what you are dealing with. You should not be relying solely on the lawyer to plan and construct your case. Obviously, they will have more knowledge and experience dealing with your situation, but if you are prepared, you can work together as a team to get the win.
A good tip if you’re thinking about hiring a lawyer is to not get swept away with just the costs alone. Deciding on the cheapest lawyer around isn’t always the best idea, and it can actually cost you more in the long run because they might not be very experienced.
When you are going to a consultation with your lawyer, do not be scared to do your own interview. Ask him or her about their familiarity with the situation you are in, how much success they have, or anything else you feel you should know. If they refuse to answer your questions, they may be trying to hide something, meaning you may want to look elsewhere.
When picking out a lawyer, be sure you learn whatever you can about their reputation. Your local bar along with online reviews can help your determine if he is the best choice. Doing this research will help you save a lot of time and money.
Make sure that you feel comfortable in every way about the lawyer that you chose. Find someone who knows his stuff but makes you feel good at the end of the day. If the lawyers don’t do this, look for a new one immediately.
When hiring a lawyer, ask them who exactly will be dealing with your case. Many times it will not be the big name head of the firm, but instead someone below them who has a clearer schedule. If this doesn’t appeal to you, choose another law firm for your needs.
When looking for a lawyer, time is significant. However, it is not so important that you hire the first lawyer you meet. Always consider more than one lawyer. You need to make sure they have the skills you need, that you can afford them, and they will fight for your best interests.
If you are going through a divorce, do not use the same lawyer that your estranged spouse is using. Many people use a familiar firm, but that is a big conflict of interest when it is the same one used by your ex. Look around and try to find someone comparable.
You’ll feel much more confident when you know you have a reliable and competent lawyer on your side. Having read this information, you will have an easier time of finding an excellent lawyer. Take the time to compare different options and do more research on lawyers before you get started.